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08 Dec 2021, Edition - 2339, Wednesday

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Education

Confused About Which Engineering Stream to Opt For? Here is How You Can Decide

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Engineering is undoubtedly one of the most sought after career options in India. Especially in the last decade, this field has become so popular that 3 out of 5 students aspire to make a career in Engineering. Several engineering entrance exams are conducted in India every year for admission to undergraduate engineering courses offered by different colleges.

However, at the time of applying for entrance exams, one of the life altering decision that a student needs to make is choosing the branch/ stream of engineering which he/she wants to pursue, such as B. Tech in Computer Science, B.tech in Chemical Engineering, B.Tech in Civil Engineering etc. This decision decides the entire future of a student. One needs to pay utmost attention and carefully decide which engineering stream to choose.

So, now the question arises, how to decide which engineering stream to pick? The best solution is to opt for a standard selection process, that is, collecting knowledge about all the streams/ branches, one must know the future scope of every stream, salary offered, job prospects et al to decide what’s most suitable for them. To further make the process easier for you, we have provided you with all the details you need to know before you finally make your decision.

Computer Science and Engineering/ IT

IT sector is one of the most sought-after sectors in India. The reason for this is that with every passing minute, the IT sector is expanding on a large scale. With this rapid expansion comes numerous job opportunities. Almost all companies have their own IT departments and therefore require experts, that is, CSE engineers. Therefore, to assume that CSE engineers will never be short of opportunities is possibly correct.

Top companies for CSE engineers

Some of the most desired companies that every Computer Science Engineers wants to work for are- Google, Microsoft, Amazon, Facebook, Yahoo, Infosys, IBM, Wipro. Remember, these are the few popular companies for CSE engineers, there are several other companies that may not be as popular as these, but are surely as good as them.

Starting Salary (per annum)

Generally, a CSE engineer who has just graduated will likely get a starting salary of INR 3.5 lakh to INR 6 Lakh. The salary varies due to several factors such as individual’s prior experience (for example- internship or training), the job profile, etc. Students should note that nowadays, CSE engineer is likely to get a similar salary package in a start-up to that offered in a well-established company.

Top ranking colleges offering Computer Science and Engineering course

•Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
•Indian Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad
•Birla Institute of Technology and Science/ BITS Pilani

Civil Engineering

Numerous infrastructural projects currently going on all over India and many more have been lined up for upcoming years. This is possibly the reason why this stream is so popular these days.
Top companies for Civil Engineers

If not immediately, with little experience, students get to work for companies like DLF, Larson & Toubro Ltd., Indian Railways, PWD, SERCP, etc. For those who even know a little about these companies, know that working here is pretty amazing.

Starting Salary (per annum)

The salary package of a civil engineer ranges from INR 3.5 lakh to 20 lakh per annum. The package basically increases with experience. For instance, a newly graduated civil engineer would possibly earn INR 25,000- 30,000 per month, whereas someone with 10-15 years’ experience would possibly earn INR 75,000- 1, 00,000 per month.

Top ranking colleges offering Civil Engineering

•Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
•Birla Institute of Technology and Science/ BITS Pilani
•Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
•Institute of Technology, Varanasi

Electronics and Communication Engineering

Electronics and Communication engineering branch is perfect for those who love gadgets and consider themselves to be gadget gurus. In four years of this course, their interest in electrical circuits, signal systems will help them learn all specifics of this branch, such as logic design, digital electronics, etc. Telecommunication, mobile development are just some of the industries dependent on this stream. Since these industries are rapidly growing, there will be ample job opportunities for fresh batches as well.

Top companies for Electronics and Communication Engineers

The main recruiters of Electronics and Communication Engineers are companies like Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), Sony, Intel, Electronics Corporation of India Ltd (ECIL), Toshiba, Samsung Electronics, Philip semiconductors, etc.

Starting Salary (per annum)

The starting salary of a fresher in this field is likely to be between INR 3.5 lakh to 5.5 lakh per annum. The students should note that even if they don’t have a B. Tech in Electronics and Communication engineering but have a similar degree from a good institute, they are likely to get a similar salary package.

Top ranking colleges offering Electronics and Communication Engineering Course

•Delhi Technological University
•Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
•PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh

Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineering is an evergreen field, there will always be plenty of job opportunities in this field. Especially in the current period, there are many vacancies for Electrical engineers in the government sector, such as in Indian railways.

Top companies for Electrical Engineers

There are several big companies which are always looking forward to hiring fresh talent. Some of these companies are Bajaj International Private Ltd., Bharat Heavy Electrical Ltd, Reliance Power Ltd., Crompton Greaves Ltd., Centre for Electronics Design and Technology, etc.

Starting Salary (per annum)

The salary of an entry-level Electrical engineer is somewhere within the bracket of INR 2.5 lakh to INR 5.5 Lakh per annum. The reason behind this large bracket is that salary packages vary from industry to industry and due job profile and experience.

Top ranking colleges offering Electrical Engineering Course

•Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
•Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
•Institute of Technology, Varanasi

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineering is amongst the oldest and most demanding branches of engineering. Even after the ups and downs of the market trends, this brand has managed to not only sustain its position but also expand. Therefore, this is one of the most dependable fields to make a career in.

Top companies for Mechanical Engineers

The long list of companies who are the top recruiters of mechanical engineers include names like Reliance Industries, TATA Motors, Indian Railways, Reliance Power Ltd., Mahindra & Mahindra, Fiat, General Motors, etc.

Starting Salary (per annum)

The starting salaries of Mechanical engineers range from somewhere between INR 3.5 lakh to INR 5.5 lakh per annum. If students has experience in the field or additional skills related to the field, it would definitely help in pay hike.

Top ranking colleges offering Mechanical Engineering Course

•Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad
•Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
•Birla Institute of Technology and Science/ BITS Pilani

Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineering has become one of the most popular branches of engineering due to environmental issues such as global warming. With increase in these environmental problems, job opportunities are also increasing.

Top companies for Chemical Engineers

The most popular companies in this field are Essar Oil Ltd., Reliance Industries Ltd., Indo Gulf Fertilizers Ltd., Gujarat Gas Company Ltd., ONGC, etc.

Starting Salary (per annum)

The entry-level salary package of a chemical engineer is between INR 2.5 lakh to INR 5 Lakh per annum.

Top ranking colleges offering Chemical Engineering Course

•Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
•Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
•Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati

Aerospace/Aeronautical Engineering

Aeronautical engineering is one of the best career options for any student. This branch of engineering is as highly challenging and is highly rewarding at the same time. Student get excellent pay and are also satisfied with the efforts they put in their work.

Top companies for Aeronautical Engineers

Some of the places where an Aeronautical engineers can get placed are Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Civil Aviation Department, National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA), Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) and Samtel Avionics.

Starting Salary (per annum)

As a fresher of aeronautical engineering, a student is likely get an annual package between INR 5 lakh to INR 9 lakh. The salary package depends on the company/organization with which the engineer is associated.

Top ranking colleges offering Aeronautical Engineering Course

•India Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
•Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
•Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
•Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

Biochemical/Biomedical Engineering

A degree in Biochemical/ Biotechnology would not only open room for several great job opportunities but will also help students to make career in research, production and marketing.
Top companies for Biochemical/ Biomedical Engineers

Some of the popular companies for Biochemical/Biomedical engineers to get placed include Biocon, Bharat Serum, Panacea Biotech, TransAsia Bio-medics, Cadila, Zydus, Kreb Biochemical and Industries Ltd. Monsanto Biotech.

Starting Salary (per annum)

A Biochemical/ Biomedical engineer is likely to get somewhere between INR 4 Lakh to INR 8 lakh per annum as starting salary package.

Top ranking colleges offering Biochemical/ Biomedical Engineering Course

•Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
•Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
•Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
•Birla Institute of Technology and Science/ BITS Pilani

Hopefully, after reading the above article, students will get a clearer idea of which branch is most suitable for them and what stream of engineering should they choose from.

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