September 21, 2016
The incidence of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is rising among young women, which is the one of the largest contributors to infertility and sub-fertility, according to an expert fertility consultant.
“PCOS is a disorder leading to ovulatory dysfunction, making it difficult for women to conceive naturally and may affect 10 to 15 per cent of women in their reproductive years and seen very commonly in obese or overweight women,” Dr. V. Latha, dertility consultant, Nova IVI Fertility, told reporters here today.
“About 30 per cent of infertility cases we see in Coimbatore are due to polycystic ovaries and majority of these cases fall under the age group of 30-40 years,” she added.
There is no reason for PCOS, however it may be because of the changing lifestyle like late working hours, bad food habits, lack of sleep and exercise resulting in various medical conditions, which in turn cause polycystic ovaries to occur, she added.
“The term ‘polycystic’ does not mean there are many cysts. In polycystic ovaries, there are no cysts, but just an overload of eggs causing them to actually have a good egg reserve. However, this abnormal hormonal environment causes disturbance that does not let a single egg grow and mature in time to ovulate. The follicles may start to grow and build up fluid but ovulation does not occur. Instead, some follicles remain as cysts in the ovaries,” she said.
The symptoms include irregular period cycle – not following a 28/30 day cycle or delayed periods for over 6 months, Infrequent or insufficient beeding, less than 12 menstrual cycles a year, excessive growth of facial hair i.e. sideburns, under the chin and body hair – in the chest, midriff, navel, lower back regions, she said.
Androgenic form of balding or receding hairline or loss of hair and change of voice or any other changes that are associated with male puberty, are also some of the symptoms.
Changes in lifestyle such as healthy food habit with adequate exercise would not only help prevent PCOS, but also other health problems, Latha said.