November 1, 2023
Coimbatore : ‘STAR’ (Survey for ManagemenT of DiAbetes with FibeR-rich Nutrition Drink), a pan-India survey conducted amongst 3,042 people with type 2 diabetes and 152 doctors, the results of which have been recently published in the Indian Journal of Clinical Practice, has shown how daily consumption of a fiber-rich dietary supplement can help control blood glucose levels. The survey categorized people with diabetes into two groups, one which consumed a specific high-fiber supplement for a minimum of three months and the other which had not consumed the supplement. It found that people with diabetes who consumed the high-fiber supplement over three months reported significantly lower HbA1C and higher weight loss and feelings of satiety than those who did not consume the supplement.
Multiple clinical studies all over the world have established the role of a high fiber diet in the management of diabetes. Organizations such as RSSDI and American Diabetes Association also recommend that people with diabetes should increase their fiber consumption. RSSDI recommends a fiber intake of 25-40 gm/ day for people with diabetes in India, but the actual intake varies from 15-40g/day across different socioeconomic groups. This means not everyone with diabetes meets their daily requirement of fiber in India. The ‘STAR’ survey shows how it is possible to bridge this gap through a dietary supplement rich in fiber and help patients with diabetes manage their condition effectively.
Dr. Sanjay Kalra, President, South Asian Federation of Endocrine Societies (SAFES) and the lead author of the survey says, “Appropriate nutrition is an integral part of diabetes management. People with diabetes are required not only to reduce consumption of carbohydrates and sugars, but also to increase their fiber intake. Fiber in diet brings a feeling of fullness and prevents overeating. During digestion, fiber reduces the rate of absorption of sugar from our gut to the blood and helps in lowering the post-meal blood glucose level. Most of the time, people with diabetes do not get the required amount of fiber from their diet. This survey showed that a fiber rich nutritional supplement can complete their daily fiber intake.”
“Many patients with T2DM are unaware of how important it is to include the adequate amount of fiber in their diet. Modern diet if not well planned, often lacks sufficient fiber. For the average Indian adult with diabetes, the recommended daily fiber intake is around 25-40 grams. This would help to reduce blood glucose levels, while simultaneously improving satiety. It is advisable for patients to increase their fiber intake and consider fiber supplements if needed. This is not just about controlling blood glucose; it’s about a range of benefits—weight management, preventing constipation, improved cholesterol levels, and a healthy gut.” says Dr. Nitin Kapoor Professor at the Dept of Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism, CMC. Vellore